International Journal of Islamic Thought and Humanities <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif';"><strong>IJITH: International Journal of Islamic Thought and Humanities</strong> e-ISSN <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2962-4681</a> p-ISSN <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2961-8967</a> is a double-blind peer-reviewed international journal that is published by Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Taruna Surabaya, Indonesia. The journal endeavors to provide forums for academicians and researchers who are interested in the discussion of current and future issues on Islamic thought and humanities. The journal is dedicated to the scholarly study of all aspects of Islam and of the Islamic world. Particular attention is paid to works dealing with Qur'anic and Hadith Studies, Islamic Thought and Literature, Islamic Science and Humanities, Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Islamic Education and Learning, Islamic Law and Society, Islamic Economics and Business, Islamic Civilization and Science, and Islamic Contemporary Issues. The journal is committed to the publication of original research on Islam as culture and humanities. IJITH is published twice a year, March and September.</span></p> en-US <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show" style="text-align: justify;">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> (Imam Sujono) (Kartika Metafisika) Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Concept of Tawhid-based Science According to Buya A.R. Sutan Mansur <p>This study aims to describe the concept of tawhid-based science in the perspective of Buya AR Sutan Mansur. The method used in this research is a type of qualitative research in the form of Library Research by conducting descriptive data analysis. The results of this study found that the concept of science initiated by Buya AR Sutan Mansur is the concept of tawhid-based science, namely the belief in Allah alone, both in the aspects of creation, worship, names and His attributes.&nbsp; In addition, this study also found that Buya AR Sutan Mansur saw the importance of the position of knowledge as the main tool in carrying out all work, especially in implementing the values of tawhid. In addition, he also classified knowledge into two parts, namely the science of belief and the science of ainul belief. Likewise, it was also found about his concept regarding how to obtain knowledge. According to him, knowledge can be obtained through two things, namely through thought and inspiration. In the context of Islamic education, the concept of knowledge of Buya AR Sutan Mansur has a great influence in efforts to achieve the goals of Islamic education, namely to produce students who have faith, devotion and noble character. Buya AR Sutan emphasises the importance of tawhid-based science, because if it is not based on tawhid what happens is damage and decline. According to him, knowledge without tawhid or faith in Allah will cause humans to forget themselves and neglect their obligations and goals in life</p> Imron Baehaqi, Saeful Anwar, Abas Mansur Tamam, Ibdalsyah Ibdalsyah Copyright (c) 2023 Imron Baehaqi, Saeful Anwar, Abas Mansur Tamam, Ibdalsyah Ibdalsyah Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Increasing The Effectiveness of Islamic Religious Education Learning in Building Students’s Spiritual Intelligence <p>Effective Islamic Religious Education learning will motivate students to excel and have high spiritual values. With high spirituality, integrity will be built by involving inner unity and more dynamic social relations, as well as the ability of individuals to have a life orientation that is far into the future. This research is field research conducted at Madrasah Aliyah al-Khoiriyah Probolinggo. Data collection techniques were carried out through interviews, observation, and documentation. The research subjects included school principals, deputy heads of curriculum, deputy heads of student affairs, Islamic religious education teachers, and students. Data analysis techniques with data triangulation consist of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion. The results of the study show that: First, the institution's efforts in building the spiritual intelligence of Madrasah Aliyah al-Khoiriyah Probolinggo students, namely applying time discipline in terms of Duha prayer activities and Teaching and Learning Activities (KBM); Second, increasing the learning of Islamic Religious Education (PAI) in building spiritual intelligence is carried out through inculcating Islamic values ​​and noble morals which are embodied in all learning activities and exemplary teachers in schools.</p> Jadid Khadavi, Ahmat Nizar , Akhmad Syahri Copyright (c) 2023 Jadid Khadavi, Ahmat Nizar, Akhmad Syahri Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Motives of Muhammadiyah Community Following the Majlis Dzikir of Al-Khidmah <p style="margin: 0cm; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The Tarekat is an organized system of <em><span style="color: #252525;">wirid</span></em>, <em><span style="color: #252525;">riyadah</span></em>, and <em><span style="color: #252525;">mujahadah</span></em> under the direction of a <em><span style="color: #252525;">mursyid</span></em> (spiritual teacher) that promotes the pursuit of meaning and the deepening of religion as a means of perfection with an emphasis on the profound (esoteric components). With the emergence of the Majlis Dzikir of Al-Khidmah community-preserving assembly organization by Shaykh Ahmad Asrori al-Ishaqi, the tarekat al-Qadiriyyah wa al-Naqsyabandiyyah (TQN) al-Utsmaniyyah expanded quickly. This tarekat is followed by people from all backgrounds, including members of Muhammadiyah, through numerous inclusive variations. This study explores the motivations of the Muhammadiyah community and how they perceive TQN al-Utsmaniyyah. The instrument of analysis in this study is Max Weber’s Social Action Theory. It is a qualitative-descriptive study employing a phenomenological approach. The participants in this study were members of the Muhammadiyah community who were interested in taking part in the development of TQN al-Utsmaniyyah. The results showed that TQN al-Utsmaniyyah is regarded by Muhammadiyah people from two perspectives: <em><span style="color: #252525;">first</span></em>, the side of the tarekat that has inclusive qualities and various types of ease and ritual lightness, making the teachings of the tarekat seem more engaging and practical. <em><span style="color: #252525;">Second</span></em>, from the <em><span style="color: #252525;">mursyid</span></em> of TQN al-Utsmaniyyah’s part, Shaykh Ahmad Asrori al-Ishaqi, who is famous for being a charismatic individual who is kind, competent, and has a strong sense of community, The majlis dzikir of Al-Khidmah is followed by Muhammadiyah adherents for instrumental rational action factors and value-oriented acts, or decisions made by someone based on careful consideration and good or poor values.</span></p> Rosidi Rosidi, Abdulloh Hanif Copyright (c) 2023 Rosidi Rosidi, Abdulloh Hanif Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Social Financial Inclusion of Digital Based and Cooperation to Increase Competitiveness in Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil <p>This research is aimed to find out the Social Financial Inclusion of Digital-based and Cooperation in Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil (multisite study of BMT UGT Nusantara Pasuruan and BMT NU Ngasem Bojonegoro). This research used descriptive qualitative method. Data analysis used in this research was done by collecting data sources through profound interview, observation, and the Internet, social media of BMT UGT Nusantara Pasuruan and BMT NU Ngasem Bojonegoro. The technic of analyzing qualitative data in this research was done gradually through data colleting, data reduction, data display, and conclusion. The finding showed that digital implementation of both BMT is done by using social media and promotion, submission and responsibility for social financial management. The cooperation program was also done by both BMT in order that the social financial can be inclusive. The cooperation concepts that was done by both BMT were; cooperation with inter-BMT sector, cooperation with off-BMT institutions, and cooperation with local organizations or communities. The result showed that the inclusion of digital-based social financial and cooperation in this research is able to increase the competitiveness of BMT.</p> Fatkhur Rohman Albanjari Copyright (c) 2023 Fatkhur Rohman Albanjari Fri, 01 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Management of Zakat Infaq Sadaqah to Overcome Poverty and The Impact of Emergency Situations <p>The stipulation of COVID-19 as a global pandemic affects all aspects of human life in the world. To deal with the pandemic spread, the Indonesian Government chose not to do a lockdown (quarantine), but instead to carry out social distancing and physical distancing until the issuance of Government Regulation (PP) of the Republic of Indonesia Number 21 of 2020 concerning Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB). The restrictive policy had an impact on the employment sector and the poverty rate increases. ZIS potential in tackling poverty can be a solution, during the Covid 19 pandemic there were problems, namely das sollen (law in book) and das sein (law in action) problems faced, namely whether the withdrawal and distribution of ZIS been carried out according to health protocols and has the management of ZIS during the pandemic followed Sharia rules. The research used socio-legal research which combined the norms and the application in society. The results showed that although the management of ZIS during the Covid 19 pandemic had met health protocol standards and compliance with the sharia rules, the potential for ZIS had not been able to overcome poverty, because the number of mustahik increased and the number of muzakki decreased so that the acquisition of ZIS funds was insufficient. Besides, the infaq and shodaqoh distributions still focused on human being poverty but lack of allocation for other creature needs and environmental impact.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Murni Murni, Indah Purbasari, Faris Hamidi Copyright (c) 2023 murni murni, Indah Purbasari, Faris Hamidi Wed, 06 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Islamic Boarding School Management System In Increasing The Competitiveness Of Islamic Boarding Schools In Jambi Province <p>This research presents the management system of Islamic boarding schools in increasing competitiveness in Jambi province. This research, which uses a qualitative approach with observation, interview and documentation techniques, was conducted at Pondok Karya Pembangunan Al-Hidayah Jambi, Pondok Pesantren Sheikh Maulana Qori Bangko, and Pondok Pesantren Zulhijjah in Muara Bulian. The results of this study that the Islamic Boarding School Management System in increasing competitiveness (1) The Sheikh Maulana Qori Bangko Islamic Boarding School conducts first, the formation of a good Islamic boarding school organizational structure Second, the formation of a working meeting at the beginning of the year. The working meeting is directly led by the Kiai of the boarding school. Third, the plenary meeting discusses the determination of the work procedures of the board of students, establishing a work program. Fourth, planning the realization of the boarding school management system program (2) Karya Pembangunan Al-Hidayah Jambi boarding school, namely conducting stage I organizational decision objectives, Stage II formulating the current situation, Stage III identifying facilities and obstacles and Stage IV developing a series of activities (3) Pesantren Zul Hijjah Muaro Bulian formed a pesantren academic development team. Then the team analyzed the pesantren. The team then held a meeting to determine efforts to increase the potential and efforts to improve the boarding school</p> Tabroni Tabroni, A. Husein Ritonga , Kasful Anwar Us Copyright (c) 2023 Tabroni Tabroni, A. Husein Ritonga , Kasful Anwar Us Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence of Al-Qur'an Learning Methods “Ummi” on the Ability to Read the Qur'an: A Quantitative Study <p>Everyone definitely wants to have a happy life both in this world and in the hereafter, therefore education is the path that must be taken to achieve all of this, while the Koran is a guide to make it easier to walk the path traversed. The purpose of the study entitled the effect of the <em>Ummi </em>Method on the ability to read the Koran for fourth grade students MI Muhammadiyah 27 Surabaya in the 2022-2023 school year is to find out the ability to read the Koran for fourth grade students MI Muhammadiyah 27 Surabaya in the 2022-2023 academic year, and to know whether there is or whether or not the influence of the <em>Ummi </em>Method has on the ability to read the Koran for fourth grade students MI Muhammadiyah 27 Surabaya in 2022-2023. This research is a quantitative study with data collection techniques using observation, documentation, and questionnaires. The results of this study show that the <em>Ummi </em>Method in class IV MI Muhammadiyah 27 Surabaya in 2022-2023 is classified as very good with a percentage of 87%, and the ability to read the Koran for class IV MI Muhammadiyah 27 Surabaya in 2022-2023 is classified as very good with a percentage of 79%, while The effect of the <em>Ummi </em>Method on the ability to read the Koran for class IV MI Muhammadiyah 27 Surabaya students in 2022-2023 is shown by the results of the Chi Square calculation of 18.022 which is greater than the significant level of 3.841.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Ummi method, ability to read the Koran.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Hadi Muhaini, Afifah Afifah, Noor Insani Maulidiya Copyright (c) 2023 Afifah Afifah, Hadi Muhaini, Noor Insani Maulidiya Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Literature Study: Analysis of Gratitude Factors in Individuals <p><em>The research aims to determine the influencing factors of gratitude in individuals as human beings. This research uses the literature study method to look for aspects that influence gratitude in individuals, using a data accumulation scheme through Google Scholar and Science Direct to access journals and scientific papers. A literature search was carried out with the keywords "gratitude", "grateful", or "grateful" with a vulnerability of 2013–2023. Keywords are chosen because the theme is related to the topic and are vulnerable to the last 10 years to get relevant and up-to-date data. Based on the search, 2,350 articles were found with the type of research article, and only the 10 most relevant articles were selected. The results of previous research and literature studies explain that the factors of gratitude in individuals consist of self-acceptance, several aspects (knowledge, experience, social support, and spiritual conditions), a sense of appreciation, good intentions, and a tendency to act positively.</em></p> Abd. Hamid Cholili, Alifah Aulia Putri Difayanti, Evin Yusmafati Copyright (c) 2023 Abd. Hamid Cholili, Alifah Aulia Putri Difayanti, Evin Yusmafati Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Principal As An Educator In Building A Religious Culture in Public Elementary School Number 12 Semabu District Tebo <p>Principals are responsible for running the wheels of their school organization. This study tries to describe the data related to the role of the principal as an educator in building a religious culture at SDN 12 Semabu, Tebo Regency. With a descriptive qualitative approach where this research aims to understand or describe phenomena or events in an in-depth and detailed way. Observation, interview and documentation techniques are the basis for data collection. The results of this study that the principal at SDN 12 Semabu Tebo Regency has been able to carry out his role as an educator or educator with several abilities, namely understanding his role as principal, supervising and carrying out his duties as an educator. Meanwhile, the principal in building a religious culture, provides religious guidance and emphasizes all Muslimah female students to wear the jilbab every day, attend Friday prayers in congregation, commemorate Islamic holidays, learn to read the Qur'an and have a noble character with a culture of greetings, and smiles as a religious culture at SDN 12 Semabu. There are students who follow other religions, of course this is the obligation of SDN 12 Semabu to follow the applicable curriculum procedures.</p> Ai Anggraini, Sesti Novalina , Dody Putra, Diana Sari, Ilham Ilham Copyright (c) 2023 Ai Anggraini, Sesti Novalina , Dody Putra, Diana Sari, Ilham Ilham Sat, 23 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000